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今天是:
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苗族“殺鵝”取名習俗(平壩縣)
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“殺鵝”取名習俗是流傳于平壩縣白云鎮馬硐村一帶苗族村寨的古老習俗,起源于苗族同胞傳說故事《二男爭女》。該故事講述苗族青年祝迪陽通過斗智斗勇戰勝非人類的祝迪格贏得苗家女孩姑迪友,又獻出自家大公鵝給祝迪格后保住妻兒的傳奇事件,該故事一直流傳至今,因此衍生的“殺鵝”命名習俗也在平壩境內青苗聚集地代代相傳至今。

每當苗家新夫婦在添第一個孩子(僅限于頭男長女)后,在孩子未滿月期間擇日舉行取名儀式。

舉行取名儀式時請師傅(相當于鬼師)前來主持,當地人稱為“撐長”(撐是請的意思,長就是師傅)。 “長”先用苗族古語將傳說故事完整念一遍,然后將公鵝宰殺,殺后鵝身送去女方家,鵝頭、腳、翅留在男方家,晚上請寨中各戶家長(男的)前來給孩子取名,取名時設宴席,開席前給一些錢放入升斗中稱“金名錢”,意為名字同金子般重要或比金錢更重要,在“長”的主持下,大家邊飲酒邊給孩子起名,每人都要取一個名,直到起到一個不與長輩重名,重音又讓主人滿意的名字為止,取名成功者將得到啃鵝頭的獎賞,孩子取好奶名后,大人便有了老名,如,孩子叫廣廣,父親叫客客,父親的老名便叫教廣客,之后寨里人都叫父親教廣客,叫母親毛廣客。

其蘊含的民族文化信息豐富,體現了苗族大家庭式的凝集力,隆重的取名習俗既表達了對初生嬰兒的祝福,也體現了苗族同胞對人生的敬畏與尊重。取名儀式從古流傳至今歷經千年仍未衰弱。(整理人:朱啟貴)

 

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